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Hexaflex Sphere

Saturday, October 3, 2015

Dave's Hexaflex blog.

Aloha,

I openly confess that my Hexaflex blogs are somewhat scattered and a tad disorganized.


My long time friend and business partner, David Hayter, also writes a blog with regard to Hexaflex which is more succinct and to the point. 


I would like to take this opportunity to encourage you to explore David's blog to gain a more balanced perspective. 


http://honeycombcore.blogspot.com/


Bob BurdonHoneycomb Blog spot

Saturday, February 18, 2012

Appreciation

It seems to have been so long I have waited to read these wonderful words:



Attached is the notice of allowance received today. In addition to getting all 21 claims allowed, you are also getting 544 days added to the end of the term of your Hexaflex patent.”(10th April 2009)



It truly seemed in this last year or so that my patent application was totally doomed to failure. The reason was due to a special condition known as Non-Obviousness or 35 U.S.C. 103.(a)



"A patent may not be obtained though the invention is not identically disclosed or described as set forth in section 102 of this title, if the differences between the subject matter sought to be patented and the prior art are such that the subject matter as a whole would have been obvious at the time the invention was made to a person having ordinary skill in the art to which said subject matter pertains. Patentability shall not be negatived by the manner in which the invention was made."



Some perverse interpretations of previous patents combined with an extremely vigilant U.S.Patent Office Examiner. My application, at that particular point, had been pending for nearly seven years .The Examiner insisted on uncovering what seemed an endless stream of prior art which was felt to be similar to my invention.

Mind you, let me be the first to say that, the diagrams that were being presented, in order to claim obviousness, were difficult to grasp, given their poor presentation and cross referencing. I willingly volunteered to send them a prototype to clarify the situation.



All major thanks to my patent lawyer Seth Reiss, who behaved impeccably cool and collected under great duress during our two or three conference calls that we had with the U.S.P.O. Examiners. Through a combination of good manners, logic, case knowledge & true compassion I feel privileged to have witnessed his professionalism in action.



Thanks to all those wonderful friends from the last forty years of my life whose paths I have serendipitously crossed who have given encouragement in all forms. Now I trust that my opportunity will be coming soon when I may be able to show my vast appreciation to all of you.



Aloha

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Vacuum Forming Hexaflex

How to vacuum form Hexaflex. (Link)

This is my very first attempt at venturing into the world of plastic vacuum forming.Whilst trying to aquire a supply of polystyrene I was fortunate enough to discover a roll of shoji door material in the workshop.. Not really sure what kind of plastic it is but it sure helped me to gain an idea of technique. The whole experiment is definitely a major success as it shows the potential for a fast, economic and high quality method of manufacture. There is a host of applications just waiting to be discovered to be added to the already recognised uses for this patented geometric matrix. Pls check out my blog:http://7541085-hexaflex.blogspot.com/

Sunday, June 14, 2009

Hexaflex Patent

Honeycomb 










 A structural sandwich is a layered construction formed by bonding two thin facings to a thick one.

The basic design concept is to space strong thin facings, or skins, far enough apart with a thick core to assure the combination will be stiff, to provide a core that is stiff and strong enough to hold the facings flat with an adhesive layer, and to provide a core material of sufficient shearing resistance.

The structural sandwich panel is analogous to an I-beam, with the facings carrying compression and tension loads, as do I-beam flanges, and the core material carrying shear loads, as does the I-beam web.

The aerospace industry remains the greatest consumer of composite materials and sandwich construction, whether for civil aircraft, military jets, helicopters, aero-engines or the newer space satellites and launchers.

Faster speeds, higher altitudes and higher G forces all put immense demands on aircraft and rocket structures. Standard honeycomb cores employed in sandwich construction make stiff and light sandwich panels used extensively in the aerospace industry.

Who invented honeycomb?

Professor J.E. Gordan wrote a book called "Structures, or, Why things fall down".
In this book (pp297) he describes how a circus proprietor by the name of George May met up with the professor, who was at that time, an aircraft engineer at Farnborough in 1943 with the initial idea of gluing ribbons together to make a honeycomb structure.
This material was successfully used during WW2 and gave us the edge to win the war in the skies with the highly efficient Wellington and Mosquito bombers.

Dupont then brought the idea to the United States of America.
Hexcel licensed the expanded honeycomb concept, and was the first company to manufacture honeycomb on a commercial scale, over 50 years ago.


Disadvantages of Traditional Honeycomb

After nearly 7 decades however aerospace has gained both in speed and altitude and continues to stretch the limits of commercially produced honeycomb core technology. A fatal indication of this occurred on April 28, 1988, the skin of an aging Aloha Airlines 737 peeled off at 24,000 feet.














A crew member was lost in the resulting explosive decompression, and the passenger cabin was opened to the frigid, oxygen-poor sky. Only sheer luck, the intrinsic strength of the 737 airframe, and the skill of the pilots managed to get this aircraft back on the ground safely. 
So what happened? According to the NTSB, "the cause of this accident was the presence of significant disbonding (delamination) .


Another expensive example was the failure of NASA’s experimental Space vehicle the X33.


The liquid hydrogen fuel tank failed five stages of testing because the honeycomb walls of the tank succumbed to delamination (honeycomb’s dirty little secret), at a cost of 1.33 billion tax dollars.
The Aerospace Industry is severely burdened by the problem of delamination of honeycomb panels, leading to expensive and sometimes catastrophic failures.
Delamination can only be detected by the use of slow and costly techniques. Currently, an estimated 25% of an aircraft’s average life cycle is spent on the ground undergoing lengthy inspections.

Delamination.
Delamination happens when the epoxy between the skins and the edges of the core fails to maintain a bond due to:
  • The small bonding area of honeycomb cell edges to the face sheets.






        Blue indicates the available bonding area for attachment of face skins
        Red indicates the glue which holds the ribbons together
        • The inability of closed cells to vent.
        • Stress from varying air pressures and flexing experienced during flight.
        • Cell expansion caused by water vapor freezing at high altitudes
        • Lightning strikes turning trapped moisture into steam.

        Hexaflex


















        Hexaflex is a new innovative core, perfectly designed to alleviate all these shortcomings, thereby reducing catastrophic failure, loss of life and costly aircraft downtime.

        The benefits of Hexaflex over conventional honeycomb include:
        • 1000% more bonding area:
          Strengthens the bond between skins, and improves peel strength
        • Ability to vent:
          Eliminates pressure build-up, allows water vapor to be purged from the core and greatly reduces if not eliminates damage from lightning strikes.
            • Ease of manufacture:




















            Here you can see the transitional stages of the manufacturing process of the Hexaflex matrix.
            Hexaflex is fabricated from a continuous sheet of core material. The sheet is first die-cut with a repeating geometrical design.
            From an overall flat shape of the die cut flat sheet as in upper left you can see the beginnings of the folding sequence as the valley and mountain folds begin to shape the overall appearance as it concertinas in upon itself.

            Sheet metal cores can be folded using progressive forming techniques.
            Plastics can be injection molded or vacuum formed.
            Fiber based materials can be chop sprayed.

            • Freedom of design:
              Hexaflex can be formed to any desired shape, including spheres, cones and tubes.
            • Lap jointing:
              High integrity lap jointing.
              “No ifs ands or Butts”.










            • Flexibility It is able to conform to any variable surface curvature without any deformation of the matrix.
            • Lightweight:
              Hexaflex does not use glue in its manufacture, and uses less material overall.
            • Optimal engineering: Because Hexaflex is made from a flat sheet it does not have any glue or double walls to add to its weight. This weight saving can be utilised to allow foam metal plugs to be inserted into the matrix. These plugs can be of a variable density so that one can tailor the panel to optimize its performance by distributing strength only to where it is required.
















            By strategically inserting foam metal inserts of appropriate crush strengths into the open cells, compression and shear forces can be tailored to suit a specific application; In the bottom left one can see one side of the fully folded Hexaflex with partial placement of metal foam inserts.



            Summary

            The introduction of Hexaflex to the aerospace industry will increase safety, flight efficiency and aircraft longevity.




            Other Applications:
            • ABSORPTION PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES
              Aerospace, automotive, defense, test facilities, industrial machines, marine, nuclear, rail.
            • ADAPTIVE STRUCTURES  
            • Space antennas and mirrors can be activated to precise orientation.
            • AEROSPACE
              Satellites, launch vehicles, space shuttle, morph technology.
            • AUTOMOTIVE
              Crash test barriers, door and roof panels, double-skinned exhaust manifolds, fairings, heat exchange panels, flexible fuel tank, motorcycle fairings.
            • AVIATION
              Ailerons, cowlings, doors, flooring, flaps, radomes, rudders.
            • BIO-ENGINEERING
              arterial stent technology, artificial extra-cellular matrix, capsid engineering. Hernia mesh prosthetics.
            • CONSTRUCTION architectural panels, concrete reinforcement in earthquake prone areas, false ceilings, flexible tubular structures, insulation curtains for hazardous material removal, roof panels, wall panel. 
              MARINE bulkheads, bunks, covers, decks, double skinned hulls, hatches, wave energy framework. 
              MISCELLANEOUS dirigibles, double-skinned oil tanks, flexible body armor, oil pipelines, piping / ductwork with interstitial space, radio frequency shielding, soil stabilization mat, solar energy panels, sound attenuation panels. 
              RAIL Ceilings, doors, energy absorbers/bumpers, floors, partitions. 
              RECREATION INDUSTRY athletic shoes, motorcycles, surfboards, snowboards, tent walls, toy, wake board.
              RESEARCH morphing wing concept, nanotechnology, robotics.